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Title

On-line immunoaffinity capillary electrophoresis based on magnetic beads for the determination of alpha-1 acid glycoprotein isoforms profile to facilitate its use as biomarker

AuthorsMorales-Cid, Gabriel; Díez-Masa, José Carlos; Frutos, Mercedes de
Issue Date2013
PublisherElsevier
CitationAnalytica Chimica Acta 773: 89- 96 (2013)
AbstractAn immunoaffinity purification method coupled on-line to capillary electrophoresis (IACE) which allows the determination of several isoforms of intact alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP) in serum samples using UV detection is developed. The immunoaffinity step is based on anti-AGP antibodies (Abs) covalently bound to magnetic beads (MBs) which are captured at the inlet end of the capillary using permanent magnets placed inside the cartridge of the CE instrument. The on-line method includes injection of the MBs with the Ab bound (MBs-Ab) and their trapping by the magnets at the entrance of the separation column, injection of serum sample and capture of AGP by the Abs, release of captured AGP, focus of desorbed protein, separation of AGP isoforms, and removal of MBs-Ab. The optimization of the different factors involved in each step allowed purification, separation and detection of AGP isoforms in a single electrophoretic analysis in about 1. h. Automation, sample and reagents consumption as well as analysis time was improved compared to off-line alternatives which use purification of AGP in an immunochromatographic column and CE separation of AGP isoforms in two independent operations. The analytical methodology developed allows the separation of 10 AGP isoforms in serum samples from a healthy donor. For a serum sample, precision (expressed as relative standard deviation) in terms of corrected area percentage was better than 0.5% for each peak accounting for more than 10% of total AGP and it was better than 4.0% in terms of relative migration time of each AGP isoform considering the whole process. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/80982
DOI10.1016/j.aca.2013.02.037
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.02.037
issn: 0003-2670
e-issn: 1873-4324
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