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Pathogenicity and histopathology of Pratylenchus thornei populations on selected chickpea genotypes

AuthorsCastillo, Pablo ; Vovlas, Nicola; Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M.
Issue DateJun-1998
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationPlant Pathology 47(3): 370–376 (1998)
AbstractFour populations of Pratylenchus thornei from different locations were tested for reproductive fitness in axenic carrot disc cultures and for pathogenicity to chickpea cultivars JG 62 and UC27 and lines K850 and ILC 1929. Parasitism and histopathology on selected chickpea genotypes (JG 62, UC27 and lines ILC 482, ICC 11324 and ICC 12237) were also investigated. Reproductive fitness, assessed as the ratio of the final number of nematodes per carrot disc to the number of nematodes inoculated, was similar among the populations tested and the four populations reproduced to a similar extent in a given chickpea genotype. However, the extent of reproduction was significantly affected by the chickpea genotype, JG 62 and UC27 being the best and poorest hosts, respectively. Pathogenicity to chickpea genotypes was assessed by the difference in fresh root and dry shoot weights between infected and uninfected plants 90 days after inoculation. Plant growth was significantly reduced by the four nematode populations in all chickpea genotypes, with the exception of cv. JG62, which was tolerant of P. thornei. Severity of root necrosis caused by nematode infection was similar for all populations. Histopathological studies of chickpea genotypes infected by P. thornei showed that all were suitable hosts according to nematode reproduction and host reaction. P. thornei always migrated through epidermal and cortical cells by breaking down cell walls along the nematode pathway. In the most susceptible lines (ILC 482 and JG 62), damage to endodermal cells adjacent to nematode feeding sites was occasionally observed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.1998.00240.x
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