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Marine Strategy Framework Directive: A tool for eutrophication assessment and management in marine waters
|Autor:||Ferreira, João G. ; Camp, Jordi ; Garcés, Esther|
|Fecha de publicación:||jun-2010|
|Citación:||Third International Symposium on Research and Management of Eutrophication In Coastal Ecosystems: 33-34 (2010)|
|Resumen:||Eutrophication is a global concern addressed by legislation such as the European Water Framework Directive and earlier directives (UWWTD, Nitrates), and the US Oceans and Harmful Algae and Hypoxia Research and Control Acts. The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (56/2008/EC) requires Member States to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in marine waters for eutrophication and ten additional quality descriptors. Task groups (TG) were set up by the European Commission for each descriptor to promote scientific support for management. Indicators have been developed to: (i) describe eutrophic condition; (ii) determine spatial and temporal scales for evaluating indicator response to degradation gradients; (iii) determine thresholds; and (iv) link influencing factors (nutrient loads, natural susceptibility) to observed and potential future degradation; such that measures can be developed to restore impaired waters to GES and protect them from further degradation. Using existing methods for coastal and marine waters, the Eutrophication TG developed recommendations for criteria and standards, monitoring requirements and research needs for European marine waters. Special attention was paid to remote sensing and modelling tools that can help extend monitoring from the coastal strip to the whole shelf without dramatic cost increases. The recommendations will be developed into a targeted management program to address nutrient-related water quality issues in marine waters with the intent of sharing information broadly to help address this issue globally. An expected result of this work is to highlight management capacity and limitations by helping to identify the limits of human influence, both in causing problems and providing solutions|
|Descripción:||Ferreira, Joao ... et al.-- Third International Symposium on Research and Management of Eutrophication In Coastal Ecosystems. EUTRO 2010 15–18 June 2010 Nyborg, Denmark|
|Versión del editor:||http://www.eutro2010.dhi.dk/|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||(ICM) Comunicaciones congresos|
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