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Ectopic expression of cyclin E allows non-endomitotic megakaryoblastic K562 cells to establish re-replication cycles

AuthorsCalés, Carmela CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2000
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationOncogene 19(14): 1820-1833 (2000)
AbstractMegakaryocytes become polyploid by entering a truncated cell cycle, consisting of alternate S phases and abortive mitoses. We have investigated the regulation of the G1/S transition by comparing two megakaryoblastic cell lines, HEL and K562, which respectively do or do not become polyploid in response to phorbol esters. A pronounced downregulation of cyclin A, and to a lesser extent of cyclin E, occurred in K562 tells during the first 24 h after TPA treatment, in contrast with re-replicating HEL, cells, in which both cyclins were present in individual G2/M cells. Transactivation experiments suggested that the absence of cyclin A in differentiated K562 cells could be due to a TPA-mediated inhibition of its transcription. To investigate the potential role of cyclin E in the establishment of re-replication cycles, we isolated K562 clones constitutively expressing cyclin E. The resulting clones, and also K562 cells transiently expressing cyclin E, entered re-replication cycles when treated with TPA. The transcriptional activity of the cyclin A promoter was not inhibited after TPA treatment, and although the levels of cyclin A fluctuated during further re-replication cycles, they never decreased below S phase levels. We conclude that the presence of cyclin E in megakaryoblastic G2/M cells determines cyclin A expression and allows the entrance into an extra S phase.
Identifiersissn: 0950-9232
e-issn: 1476-5594
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