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Molecular abnormalities of chromosome-19 in malignant gliomas - preferential involvement of the 19q13.2-q13.4 region

AuthorsBello, M. Josefa; Leone, Paola E.; Nebreda, Paloma; Pestaña, Ángel ; Rey, Juan A.
Issue Date1995
PublisherSpandidos Publications
CitationInternational Journal of Oncology 6(3): 655-658 (1995)
AbstractA deletion mapping analysis of chromosome 19 was performed on a series of 101 samples derived from malignant gliomas. A total of 35 tumors displayed different deletions for the loci studied (D19S21, D19S11, D19S74, D19S7, D19S8, CKM, and D19S22). In most instances, losses involving the long arm markers of chromosome 19 were observed, and only four samples were characterized by losses on the short arm. No tumor was found displaying loss of both short and long arm markers. The higher frequency of deletions was detected in tumors with a major oligodendroglial component: 76% of samples included in this group displayed losses at 19q. Among the astrocytic tumors, the frequency of 19q alterations varied as follows: 11% in pilocytic astrocytomas, 17% in astrocytomas grade II, 10% in anaplastic astrocytomas and 21% in glioblastoma multiforme. No ependymoma was found displaying allele loss on chromosome 19. The common region of overlap for the 19q deletions observed involves primarily the distal portion of the long arm, 19q13.2-q13.4. In agreement with previous reports, these data suggest the non-random involvement of a tumor suppressor gene located at 19q13 in the genesis or progression of malignant gliomas.
Identifiersissn: 1019-6439
e-issn: 1791-2423
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