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Thyroid gland volume as measured by ultrasonography in preterm infants

AuthorsAres, Susana; Pastor, I.; Quero, José; Morreale de Escobar, Gabriella
Issue Date1995
CitationActa Paediatrica 84(1): 58-62 (1995)
AbstractThe volume of the thyroid gland was determined by ultrasonography in 30 preterm infants (27-36 weeks' gestation) born in Madrid. Thyroid gland volume significantly increased (p < 0.01) with postnatal and postmenstrual age and was very well correlated with body weight, height and surface area (p < 0.01). Serum thyroid hormones 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) and free thyroxine (FT4) were linearly correlated with postnatal and postmenstrual age, thus T3 and FT4 levels were also correlated with thyroid gland volume (p < 0.05). We report measurements of the thyroid gland volume obtained by ultrasonography in this group of preterm infants. Quantitative determination of thyroid gland volume is more accurate for the diagnosis of goitre than clinical criteria. It is also interesting to determine the thyroid gland volume in the neonatal period when the thyroid is particularly hypersensitive to the effects of iodine deficiency and excess.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1995.tb13484.x
issn: 0803-5253
e-issn: 1651-2227
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