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Characterization of a novel high molecular mass protein with peptidase activity purified from the human erythrocyte membrane by calmodulin affinity chromatography

AuthorsKhan, M. Tariq; Wang, Kevin K.; Villalobo, Antonio ; Roufogalis, Basil D.
Issue Date1994
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 269(13): 10016-10021 (1994)
AbstractA previously undescribed high molecular mass protein (HMP) from human erythrocyte membranes was solubilized by Triton X-100 and purified on a calmodulin-agarose column in the presence of Ca2+. It was shown to have a native molecular mass of 522-560 kDa, comprised of a single subunit of a molecular mass of 28 kDa (p28). The protein is associated with the lipid bilayer rather than with the cytoskeletal component of the membrane. The purified HMP showed peptidase-hydrolyzing activity toward substrates containing hydrophobic amino acids at the P1 position of the P2-P1 cleavage site. The activity was inhibited by serine proteinase inhibitors (leupeptin, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride) and chymotrypsin inhibitors in particular (chymostatin, N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone). The enzyme exhibited maximal activity at slightly alkaline pH (7.5-8.5) and at 37°C and was stimulated over a narrow range of SDS concentrations (maximal at 0.05%). HMP was found to cross-react in Western blots with an antibody raised against the rabbit multicatalytic proteinase. The single subunit of HMP therefore contains both the catalytic activity and a sequence necessary for its association into a multimeric complex. The properties of the human erythrocyte membrane HMP described indicate that it is a novel peptidase related to the ubiquitous multicatalytic proteinase.
Identifiersissn: 0021-9258
e-issn: 1083-351X
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