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Degradation of Nitric Acid-Treated Bulk Polyethylene. III. Melting Behavior

AuthorsCagiao, M. E. ; Rueda, Daniel R. ; Baltá Calleja, Francisco José
KeywordsLow-density polyethylene
Differential scanning-calorimetry
Long period
Fuming nitric acid
Dicarboxylic acids
Issue Date1983
CitationColloid and Polymer Science, 261, 626-630 (1983)
AbstractLDPE samples with differing branching content were treated with fuming nitric acid for times up to 180 h at 60~ The samples were examined by differential scanning calorimetry and small angle X-ray diffraction. While the crystal thickness derived from the X-ray long period remains practically constant throughout treatment time t, a conspicuous sharpening and shifting of the melting curves to higher temperatures with t is observed. It is suggested that the shift in melting peak is caused by the contribution of the dicarboxylic groups attached to the crystal surface after treatment. It is further shown that the shift depends inversely on the crystal thickness. The comparison of melting points for long time nitric acid treated PE samples with data from dicarboxylic acids has permitted the derivation of an expression for the melting temperature of longer molecular diacids.
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