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Calmodulin inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase

AuthorsSan José, Esteban; Benguria, Alberto; Geller, P.; Villalobo, Antonio
Issue Date1992
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 267(21): 15237-15245 (1992)
AbstractWe demonstrate in this report that the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor from rat liver can be isolated by calmodulin affinity chromatography by binding in the presence of Ca2+ and elution with a Ca2+-chelating agent. The bulk of the EGF receptor is not eluted by a NaCl gradient in the presence of Ca2+. We ascertained the identity of the isolated receptor by immunoblot and immunoprecipitation using a polyclonal antibody against an EGF receptor from human origin. The purified receptor is autophosphorylated in tyrosine residues in an EGF-stimulated manner, and EGF-dependent phosphorylation of serine residues was also detected. Both the EGF and the transforming growth factor-α stimulate the tyrosine-directed protein kinase activity of the isolated receptor with similar affinities. Furthermore, we demonstrate that calmodulin inhibits the EGF-dependent tyrosine-directed protein kinase activity associated to the receptor in a concentration- dependent manner. This inhibition is partially Ca2+ dependent and is not displaced by increasing the concentration of EGF up to an EGF/calmodulin ratio of 10 (mol/mol). In addition, calmodulin was phosphorylated in an EGF- stimulated manner in the presence of a basic protein (histone) as cofactor and in the absence, but not in the presence, of Ca2+.
Identifiersissn: 0021-9258
e-issn: 1083-351X
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