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Swarm of terminal 35S in Cheirolophus (Asteraceae, Centaureinae)

AuthorsGarnatje, Teresa ; Hidalgo, Oriane ; Vitales, Daniel ; Pellicer, Jaume; Vallès, Joan; Robin, O.; Garcia, Sònia ; Garcia, Sònia ; Siljak-Yakovlev, S.
Canary Islands
Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)
Fluorochrome banding
Issue Date2012
PublisherNational Research Council Canada
CitationGenome 55: 529- 535 (2012)
AbstractIsland radiation constitutes a playground for species diversification, which has long fascinated researchers and still does today. Because only a small subset of taxa within the pool of island colonizers is concerned by this process, the question is raised on whether some factors could make a taxon prone to radiate. Cheirolophus is the only genus of Centaureinae subtribe to have experienced a radiation in the Canary Islands. Cytogenetic characterization through FISH of 5S and 35S ribosomal RNA genes in eight Cheirolophus species from continent and Canary Islands revealed an unusually high number of 35S predominantly at terminal position, together with a single interstitial 5S rDNA locus in all the studied taxa. Such an abundance of 35S rDNA signals is unique among Centaureinae and predates Cheirolophus arrival in Canary Islands. The possible link of the rDNA profile with radiation process is discussed through a comparison with two other case studies, the closely related Rhaponticum group and the genus Centaurea.
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