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Reduced protein stability of human DJ-1/PARK7 L166P, linked to autosomal recessive Parkinson disease, is due to direct endoproteolytic cleavage by the proteasome

AuthorsÁlvarez-Castelao, Beatriz; Muñoz, Carolina; Sánchez-Pérez, Isabel; Castaño, José G.
Issue Date2012
CitationBBA - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1823(2): 524-533 (2012)
AbstractParkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by dopaminergic dysfunction and degeneration. DJ-1/PARK7 mutations have been linked with a familial form of early onset PD. In this study, we found that human DJ-1 wild type and the missense mutants M26I, R98Q, A104T and D149A were stable proteins in cells, only the L166P mutant was unstable. In parallel, the former were not degraded and the L166P mutant was directly degraded in vitro by proteasome-mediated endoproteolytic cleavage. Furthermore, genetic evidence in fission yeast showed the direct involvement of proteasome in the degradation of human DJ-1 L166P and the corresponding L169P mutant of SPAC22E12.03c, the human orthologue of DJ-1 in Schizosaccharomyces Pombe, as their protein levels were increased at restrictive temperature in fission yeast (mts4 and pts1-732) harboring temperature sensitive mutations in proteasomal subunits. In total, our results provide evidence that direct proteasomal endoproteolytic cleavage of DJ-1 L166P is the mechanism of degradation contributing to the loss-of-function of the mutant protein, a property not shared by other DJ-1 missense mutants associated with PD.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.11.010
issn: 0006-3002
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