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Biscuit melanoidins of different molecular masses protect human HepG2 cells against oxidative stress

AuthorsMartin, M. A.; Ramos, Sonia ; Mateos, Raquel ; Rufián Henares, J. A.; Morales, F. J. ; Morales, F. J. ; Bravo, Laura ; Goya, Luis
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57: 7250- 7258 (2009)
AbstractSoluble melanoidins from biscuits were enzymatically solubilized and isolated by sequential ultrafiltration and separated by molecular mass in three different fractions, below 3 kDa, between 3 and 10 kDa, and over 10 kDa; the latter was subsequently digested by simulating gastric plus pancreatic digestive conditions. The four fractions were investigated for their protective effect against an oxidative challenge in HepG2 cells. Pretreatment of cells for 20 h with 0.5-10 μg/mL of any of the four fractions prevented the increased cell damage evoked by the challenge but, except for the intermediate size fraction, did not suppress the increased reactive oxygen species. Antioxidant defenses were rapidly restored after the challenge, and the increase of the oxidative stress biomarker malondialdehyde was prevented by the pretreatment with all but the undigested high molecular mass fraction. The results show that treatment of HepG2 cells with concentrations of biscuit melanoidins within the expected physiological range confers on the cells a significant protection against an oxidative challenge. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jf9006032
issn: 0021-8561
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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