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Three-dimensional model of human platelet Integrin αIIbβ3 in solution obtained by small angle neutron scattering

AuthorsNogales, Aurora ; García, Carolina ; Pérez, Javier; Callow, Phil; Ezquerra, Tiberio A. ; González-Rodríguez, José
Issue Date2010
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 285: 1023- 1031 (2010)
AbstractIntegrin αIIbβ3 is the major membrane protein and adhesion receptor at the surface of blood platelets, which after activation plays a key role in platelet plug formation in hemostasis and thrombosis. Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and shape reconstruction algorithms allowed formation of a low resolution three-dimensional model of whole αIIbβ3 in Ca2+/detergent solutions. Model projections after 90° rotation along its long axis show an elongated and >arched> form (135°) not observed before and a >handgun> form. This 20-nm-long structure is well defined, despite αIIbβ3 multidomain nature and expected segmental flexibility, with the largest region at the top, followed by two narrower and smaller regions at the bottom. Docking of this SANS envelope into the high resolution structure of αIIbβ3, reconstructed from crystallographic and NMR data, shows that the solution structure is less constrained, allows tentative assignment of the disposition of the αIIb and β3 subunits and their domains within the model, and points out the structural analogies and differences of the SANS model with the crystallographic models of the recombinant ectodomains of αIIbβ3 and αVβ3 and with the cryo-electron microscopy model of whole αIIbβ3. The ectodomain is in the bent configuration at the top of the model, where αIIb and β3 occupy the concave and convex sides, respectively, at the arched projection, with their bent knees at its apex. It follows the narrower transmembrane region and the cytoplasmic domains at the bottom end. αIIbβ3 aggregated in Mn2+/detergent solutions, which impeded to get its SANS model. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.050039
issn: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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