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Evolution and diversity of dictyostelid social amoebae

AuthorsRomeralo Rodríguez, María ; Escalante, Ricardo ; Baldauf, Sandra L.
Issue Date2012
CitationProtist 163(3): 327-343 (2012)
AbstractDictyostelid social amoebae are a large and ancient group of soil microbes with an unusual multicellular stage in their life cycle. Taxonomically, they belong to the eukaryotic supergroup Amoebozoa, the sister group to Opisthokonta (animals + fungi). Roughly half of the ~150 known dictyostelid species were discovered during the last five years and probably many more remain to be found. The traditional classification system of Dictyostelia was completely overturned by cladistic analyses and molecular phylogenies of the past six years. As a result, it now appears that, instead of three major divisions there are eight, none of which correspond to traditional higher-level taxa. In addition to the widely studied Dictyostelium discoideum, there are now efforts to develop model organisms and complete genome sequences for each major group. Thus Dictyostelia is becoming an excellent model for both practical, medically related research and for studying basic principles in cell-cell communication and developmental evolution. In this review we summarize the latest information about their life cycle, taxonomy, evolutionary history, genome projects and practical importance. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.protis.2011.09.004
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.protis.2011.09.004
issn: 1434-4610
e-issn: 1618-0941
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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