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Novel PLLA/magnesium composite for orthopedic applications: A proof of concept

AuthorsCifuentes, Sandra C.; Frutos, E.; González-Carrasco, José Luis; Muñoz, Montserrat; Multigner, M.; Chao, Jesús; Benavente, Rosario ; Lieblich, Marcela
Issue Date2012
CitationMaterials Letters 74: 239-242 (2012)
AbstractThis work aims to develop polymer/magnesium composites as new biodegradable and bioresorbable materials for osteosynthesis implants. The polymeric matrix will benefit from the higher strength and modulus of the Mg particles, whereas Mg will benefit from the surrounded protective polymeric matrix that will control its degradation rate. To provide a proof of concept a set of specimens were processed by combining solvent casting of PLLA (poly-l-lactic acid) loaded with 30 wt% of Mg particles and further molding by compression. Mechanical characterization reveals that reinforcing the polymer matrix with Mg particles improves its mechanical properties (hardness up to 340 MPa and yield strength up to 100 MPa). Interestingly, Young's modulus determined by ultramicroindentation increases up to 8 GPa. From the DSC analysis it follows that the unloaded and loaded polymer has similar crystallinity, which indicates that the improvement in mechanical properties is purely the effect of particle reinforcement. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.01.134
issn: 0167-577X
Appears in Collections:(CENIM) Artículos
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