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Characterization of peptides and proteins in commercial HSA solutions

AuthorsGay, Marina ; Carrascal, Montserrat ; Gorga, Marina ; Parés, Albert; Abián, Joaquín
Issue Date2010
CitationProteomics 10(2): 172-181 (2010)
AbstractHSA solutions account for 14% of the world market for plasma products. Albumin is indicated for reestablishing and maintaining circulatory volume in situations resulting from traumatic shock, surgery, or blood loss. Albumin is also used in extracorporeal liver support devices that perform blood dialysis against this protein. However, the protein composition of therapeutic albumin is only partially known. We performed an exhaustive analysis of albumin composition using a proteomic approach. Low abundance proteins and peptides in these samples were concentrated using a strong anion exchange resin. The absorbed material was eluted with a stepwise gradient of ammonium trifluoroacetate and the protein fraction was digested and analyzed by multidimensional liquid chromatography coupled to ESI-MS/MS using a linear ion trap. A total of 1219 peptides corresponding to 141 proteins different from albumin were identified with a false discovery rate <1%. Near 50% of these proteins have been described previously as forming part of the albuminome. Some of these proteins are proteases (kallikrein) or protease inhibitors (kininogen and SRPK1) or have relevant functions in cell surface adhesion (selectin, cadherins, and ICAMs) or in immunity and defense (molecules of the complement system and attractin). Characterization of these proteins and peptides is crucial in order to understand the therapeutic and possible deleterious effects of albumin therapies, in which this solution is infused to treat different pathological conditions. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/pmic.200900182
issn: 1615-9853
e-issn: 1615-9861
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