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CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta in microglial activation

AuthorsEjarque-Ortiz, Aroa ; Gresa-Arribas, Nuria ; Straccia, Marco ; Mancera, Pilar ; Solà, Carme ; Tusell, Josep Maria ; Serratosa, Joan ; Saura, Josep
Issue Date2010
CitationJournal of Neuroscience Research 88(5): 1113-1123 (2010)
AbstractThe transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein δ (C/EBPδ) regulates transcription of genes that play important roles in glial activation. Previous studies have shown the astroglial expression of C/EBPδ but the microglial expression of C/EBPδ remains virtually unexplored, with the exception of two microarray studies. In this report, using murine primary cultures and BV2 cells we clearly demonstrate that C/EBPδ is expressed by microglia and it is upregulated in microglial activation. Lipopolysaccharide upregulates C/EBPδ both in microglia and in astrocytes. This effect is time-dependent, with a maximum effect at 3 hr at mRNA level and at 4-8 hr at protein level, and concentration-dependent, with a maximum effect at 100 ng/mL. The lipopolysaccharide-induced C/EBPδ upregulation in BV2 microglia is mimicked by agonists of the toll-like receptors 2, 3 and 9 and can be prevented by an inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. C/EBPδ from activated BV2 microglia binds to the cyclooxygenase-2 promoter and forms complexes with C/EBPβ isoforms. These results point to C/EBPδ as a putative key regulator of proinflammatory gene expression in microglial activation. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/jnr.22272
issn: 0360-4012
e-issn: 1097-4547
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