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Title

Amyloid β oligomers induce Ca2+ dysregulation and neuronal death through activation of ionotropic glutamate receptors

AuthorsZugaza, José L.; Trullas, Ramón ; Matute, Carlos
Issue Date2010
PublisherElsevier
CitationCell Calcium 47(3): 264-272 (2010)
AbstractAmyloid beta (Aβ) oligomers accumulate in brain tissue of Alzheimer disease patients and are related to pathogenesis. The precise mechanisms by which Aβ oligomers cause neurotoxicity remain unresolved. In this study, we investigated the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors on the intracellular Ca2+ overload caused by Aβ. Using rat cortical neurons in culture and entorhinal-hippocampal organotypic slices, we found that Aβ oligomers significantly induced inward currents, intracellular Ca2+ increases and apoptotic cell death through a mechanism requiring NMDA and AMPA receptor activation. The massive entry of Ca2+ through NMDA and AMPA receptors induced by Aβ oligomers caused mitochondrial dysfunction as indicated by mitochondrial Ca2+ overload, oxidative stress and mitochondrial membrane depolarization. Importantly, chronic treatment with nanomolar concentration of Aβ oligomers also induced NMDA- and AMPA receptor-dependent cell death in entorhinal cortex and hippocampal slice cultures. Together, these results indicate that overactivation of NMDA and AMPA receptor, mitochondrial Ca2+ overload and mitochondrial damage underlie the neurotoxicity induced by Aβ oligomers. Hence, drugs that modulate these events can prevent from Aβ damage to neurons in Alzheimer's disease. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DescriptionEl pdf sel artículo es la versión pre-print.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceca.2009.12.010
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/76699
DOI10.1016/j.ceca.2009.12.010
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2009.12.010
issn: 0143-4160
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
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