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Induction of fruit-set and development in pea ovary explants by gibberellic acid-acid

AuthorsGarcía-Martínez, José-Luis ; Carbonell-Gisbert, Juan
Issue Date1985
CitationJournal of Plant Growth Regulation 4/1; 19-27 (1985)
AbstractThe response of unpollinated ovary explants ofPisum sativum L. cv. Alaska No. 7 to several plant growth regulators and nutrients has been studied. Explants consisted of a segment of stem and an emasculated flower with or without the adjacent leaf. They were made on the day equivalent to anthesis and were cultured in a liquid medium. Growth regulators were applied either in the solution or directly to the ovaries. Giberellic acid (GA3) in the presence of sucrose, but not indole-3-acetic acid or N6-(Δ2-isopentenyl)-adenine (2iP), induced fruit set and development of parthenocarpic fruits, the final length of these being a function of the intensity of the GA3 treatment. The capacity of ovaries to respond fully to GA3 was not lost after incubation of explants in water or 50 mM sucrose for 1 day and was similar in explants made between the day of anthesis and 3 days later. Limited growth was obtained with 100 mM sucrose alone but this effect was counteracted by 2′-isopropyl-4′-(trimethyl ammonium chloride)-5′-methylphenyl piperidine-1-carboxylate (AMO-1618). This inhibitor was ineffective when GA3 was applied to the ovary. The development of the fruit was proportional to the length of the segment of stem up to 5 cm. The presence of the leaf in the explant enhanced the development of the fruit. These results indicate that a gibberellin is necessary for setting and development of fruits from cultured ovaries and that this effect depends on an appropriate source of nutrients. The course of development of parthenocarpic fruits on explants was similar to that of seeded fruits on the intact plant. The cultured pea ovary systemoffers convenient means to investigate the role of gibberellins and nutrients in fruit set and development.
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