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Title

Nucleolar structure and proliferation activity of Arabidopsis root cells from seedlings germinated on the International Space Station

AuthorsMatía, Isabel ; González-Camacho, Fernando ; Marco, Roberto ; Kiss, John Z.; Gasset, Gilbert; Medina, F. Javier
KeywordsCell proliferation
Cell cycle
Root meristem
Nucleolus
Microgravity
Proteomics
Issue Date2005
CitationAdvances in Space Research 36(7): 1244-1253 (2005)
AbstractSeeds of Arabidopsis thaliana were sent to the International Space Station in the “Cervantes Mission” (Spanish Soyuz Mission). Seed germination was initiated in flight by supplying culture medium. Seedlings were grown for 4 days at 22 °C, and growth was stopped by the addition of paraformaldehyde fixative. Once back on the ground, samples were immediately processed for microscopy. A ground control experiment was simultaneously replicated. Glutaraldehyde-fixed root cells from seedlings grown in the Biorack on board of the Space Shuttle (STS-84 Mission) in similar conditions were also ultrastructurally examined. The length of seedlings grown at 1g was conspicuously shorter than parallel samples grown under microgravity. We examined the morphology of the root meristematic cells, with a focus on their nucleoli in the cortex and stele. In general, root cortical cells proliferate at a higher rate and their nucleoli are more active than those of stele cells. While the stele showed longer cells with larger nucleoli in the flight samples, cortical cells from space-grown seedlings were shorter, more numerous and more densely packed than ground controls. However, nucleoli were smaller and less active in fast proliferating flight cells than in the ground controls. This reduced level of ribosome synthesis in the flight samples is probably the result of an accelerated cell cycle. An altered rate of cell proliferation may be detrimental for the plant and could be the reason for the reported smaller size of older space-grown seedlings. Finally, two-dimensional protein electrophoresis showed noticeable differences between space samples and ground controls
Description10 páginas, 7 figuras, 1 tabla -- PAGS nros. 1244-1253
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2005.01.068
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/76398
DOI10.1016/j.asr.2005.01.068,
ISSN0273-1177
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(CIB) Artículos
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