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Title

Evaluation of the copper(II) reduction assay using bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt for the total antioxidant capacity assessment: The CUPRAC-BCS assay

AuthorsCampos, Carlos ; Guzmán, Rodrigo ; López-Fernández, M.E. ; Casado Moragón, Ángela
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier
CitationAnalytical Biochemistry 392(1): 37- 44 (2009)
AbstractThere is heightened interest in determining antioxidant status of individuals in experimental and clinical studies investigating progression of diseases or diverse aspects of oxidative stress, among others. The aim of this study was to evaluate the copper(II) reduction assay with bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt as chelating agent (the CUPRAC-BCS assay) for the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assessment in human plasma and urine. Samples from 20 individuals were determined with four spectrophotometric assays-CUPRAC-BCS, ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay (DPPH)-to compare these methods. CUPRAC-BCS was significantly correlated with FRAP and TEAC for plasma and urine samples (r > 0.5, P < 0.05 for all) and with DPPH for urine samples (r = 0.925, P < 0.001) but not with DPPH for plasma samples (r = 0.366, P = 0.112). However, the four methods do not agree given that lines of equality and regression were not matched up. The imprecision of the method is less than 6%, the detection limit is 41.8 μmol trolox equivalents/L, it is linear up to 2 mM trolox, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid dihydrate disodium salt (EDTA) binds to Cu(II), avoiding the formation of Cu(I)-BCS complex. This study shows that CUPRAC-BCS is a simple, fast, inexpensive, and suitable method for TAC assessment in human urine and heparinized plasma samples. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/76149
DOI10.1016/j.ab.2009.05.024
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ab.2009.05.024
issn: 0003-2697
e-issn: 1096-0309
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