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Effect of H2S on the behaviour of an impregnated NiO-based oxygen-carrier for chemical-looping combustion (CLC)

AuthorsDueso, Cristina; Izquierdo Pantoja, María Teresa ; García Labiano, Francisco ; Diego Poza, Luis F. de ; Abad Secades, Alberto ; Gayán Sanz, Pilar ; Adánez Elorza, Juan
KeywordsChemical-looping combustion (CLC)
Nickel oxide
Issue Date11-Jul-2012
CitationApplied Catalysis B - Environmental 126: 186-199 (2012)
AbstractGaseous fuels for chemical-looping combustion (CLC) process can contain sulphurcompounds which can affect the oxygen-carrier behaviour, especially if NiO is used as active phase. In this work several samples of a NiO-based oxygen-carrier prepared by impregnation, NiO18-Al, extracted from a CLC unit after continuous operation with CH4 containing 500 vppm of H2S were characterized. Part of the fed sulphur to the system was release as SO2 in the air-reactor during the CLC experiments while the rest remained in the solid particles. Mainly Ni3S2 was found in the oxygen-carrier extracted from the fuel-reactor, although small amounts of NiSO4 were also detected. On the contrary, NiSO4 was the main sulphur compound in the oxygen-carrier from the airreactor and only a low concentration of Ni3S2 was found. Despite the accumulated sulphur and the oxygen transport capacity loss during the operation, the oxygen-carrier was capable of recovering the initial reactivity for the CH4 combustion after a time without H2S feeding to the CLC system. In addition, a study about the possible regeneration of the oxygen-carrier in the air-reactor working at different temperatures and oxygen concentrations was performed. Independently of the operating conditions, *Manuscript Click here to view linked References 2 part of the sulphur remained in the solid and total regeneration was not possible. The analysis of the NiO18-Al oxygen-carrier after the CLC operation using TPR and XPS techniques revealed that sulphur reacted preferably with free NiO instead of NiAl2O4. Although Ni3S2 was the majority sulphide in the fuel-reactor, minor amounts of other sulphides such as NiS were detected. It also was found that sulphur was preferably concentrated in the outer surface of the particles. Taking into account all the results found, a previous desulphuration process of the fuel would be necessary when using NiO-based oxygen-carriers in the CLC system.
DescriptionAvailable online July 24, 2012
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.07.011
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