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Characterization of a limestone in a batch fluidized bed reactor for sulfur retention under oxy-fuel operating conditions

AuthorsDiego Poza, Luis F. de ; Obras-Loscertales, Margarita de las; García Labiano, Francisco ; Rufas, Aránzazu; Abad Secades, Alberto ; Gayán Sanz, Pilar ; Adánez Elorza, Juan
KeywordsOxy-fuel combustion
Fluidized beds
SO2 retention
Calcium based sorbents
Issue Date2011
CitationInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 5(5): 1190-1198 (2011)
AbstractCO2 and SO2 are some of the main polluting gases emitted into atmosphere in combustion processes using fossil fuel for energy production. The former is one of the major contributors to build-up the greenhouse effect implicated in global climate change and the latter produces acid rain. Oxy-fuel combustion is a technology, which consists in burning the fuel with a mix of pure O2 and recirculated CO2. With this technology the CO2 concentration in the flue gas may be enriched up to 95%, becoming possible an easy CO2 recovery. In addition, oxy-fuel combustion in fluidized beds allows in situ desulfurization of combustion gases by supplying calcium based sorbent.In this work, the effect of the principal operation variables affecting the sulfation reaction rate in fluidized bed reactors (temperature, CO2 partial pressure, SO2 concentration and particle size) under typical oxy-fuel combustion conditions have been analyzed in a batch fluidized bed reactor using a limestone as sorbent. It has been observed that sulfur retention can be carried out by direct sulfation of the CaCO3 or by sulfation of the CaO (indirect sulfation) formed by CaCO3 calcination. Direct sulfation and indirect sulfation operating conditions depended on the temperature and CO2 partial pressure. The rate of direct sulfation rose with temperature and the rate of indirect sulfation for long reaction times decreased with temperature. An increase in the CO2 partial pressure had a negative influence on the sulfation conversion reached by the limestone due to a higher temperature was needed to work in conditions of indirect sulfation. Thus, it is expected that the optimum temperature for sulfur retention in oxy-fuel combustion in fluidized bed reactors be about 925-950°C. Sulfation reaction rate rose with decreasing sorbent particle size and increasing SO2 concentration.
DescriptionAvailable online June 15, 2011
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.05.032
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.05.032
issn: 1750-5836
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