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External-beam PIXE spectrometry for the study of Punic jewellery (SW Spain): The geographical provenance of the palladium-bearing gold

AuthorsOntalba-Salamanca, M. Á.; Gómez-Tubío, B.; Ortega-Feliú, I. ; Respaldiza, M. A.
Issue Date2006
CitationNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 249(1-2): 622-627 (2006)
AbstractThis paper presents the study of a set of Punic gold items (400 B.C.), from the Museum of Cádiz (Spain). An external beam set-up has been employed for the absolutely non-destructive analysis of the objects. PIXE spectrometry has been performed in order to characterize the metallic alloys and the manufacturing techniques. Compositional differences have been found and soldering procedures have been identified. By comparison with the rings and other coetaneous jewellery, the presence of palladium in the bulk alloy of the earrings can be pointed out. The geographical provenance of the palladium-bearing gold is discussed based on geological and archaeological considerations. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.nimb.2006.03.172
issn: 0168-583X
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