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Title

Determination of nitrogen partitioning coefficients in superduplex stainless steels by NRA using a nuclear microprobe

AuthorsMuñoz, Concepción; Morilla, Yolanda ; García López, J. ; Paúl, A.; Odriozola, José Antonio
Issue Date2009
PublisherElsevier
CitationNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 267(12-13): 2208-2211 (2009)
AbstractSuperduplex stainless steels (SDSSs) combine the good mechanical behavior and the high corrosion resistance of the ferrite (α-Fe) and austenite (γ-Fe) phases. The SDSSs properties depend strongly on the partitioning of the elements that form the alloy. The ferrite is generally enriched in P, Si, Cr and Mo while the content of Ni, Mn, Cu and N in the austenite phase is higher. Nitrogen is known to be a strong austenite stabilizer and its presence increases the strength and the pitting corrosion resistance of the stainless steels. While the global nitrogen content in SDSSs can be readily determined using elemental analyzers, it cannot be measured at a microscopic scale. In this work, the nuclear microprobe of the Centro Nacional de Aceleradores (Sevilla) was used to obtain the quantitative distribution of nitrogen in SDSSs. A deuteron beam of 1.8 MeV was employed to determine the overall elemental concentration of the matrix by deuteron-induced X-ray emission, whereas the nitrogen partitioning coefficients were obtained by using the 14N(d, α0)12C nuclear reaction. Mappings of this element show that the nitrogen ratio between the ferrite and austenite phases ranges from 0.3 to 0.6 in the analyzed samples. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/74769
DOI10.1016/j.nimb.2009.03.093
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.nimb.2009.03.093
issn: 0168-583X
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