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Bacterial Swimming and Oxygen Transport Near Contact Lines

Autor Tuval, Idan ; Cisneros, Luis; Dombrowski, Christopher; Wolgemuth, Charles W.; Kessler, John O.; Goldstein, Raymond E.
Palabras clave Bioconvection
Bacillus subtilis
Fecha de publicación 6-ene-2005
EditorNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Citación Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS) 102(7): 2277-2282 (2005)
ResumenAerobic bacteria often live in thin fluid layers near solid-air-water contact lines, where the biology of chemotaxis, metabolism, and cell-cell signaling is intimately connected to the physics of buoyancy, diffusion, and mixing. Using the geometry of a sessile drop we demonstrate in suspensions of B. subtilis the self-organized generation of a persistent hydrodynamic vortex which traps cells near the contact line. Arising from upward oxygentaxis and downward gravitational forcing, these dynamics are related to the Boycott effect in sedimentation, and are explained quantitatively by a mathematical model consisting of oxygen diffusion and consumption, chemotaxis, and viscous fluid dynamics. The vortex is shown to advectively enhance uptake of oxygen into the suspension and the wedge geometry leads to a singularity in the chemotactic dynamics near the contact line.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0406724102
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/7462
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