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Title

Sensitivity of ruminal bacterial isolates of sheep, cattle and buffalo to 13 therapeutic antibiotics

AuthorsSalem, A. Z. M.; Gohar, Y. M.; López, Secundino ; González-Ronquillo, M.; Cerrillo, M. A.
KeywordsAntibiotics
Buffalo
Cattle
Sheep
Clearance zone
Ruminal bacteria isolates
Issue DateJun-2012
PublisherAcademic Journals
CitationAfrican Journal of Microbiology Research 6(22) : 4727-4733 (2012)
AbstractRuminal bacterial isolates, 59 from two sheep, five cows and nine buffaloes were used to evaluate sensitivity to the therapeutic antibiotics amikacin, cefadroxil, cefoperazone, cefotaxime, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, piperacillin, polymyxin, roxithromycin, streptomycin and vancomycin. Sensitivity of ruminal bacterial isolates to each was determined by the clearance zone (CZ) in the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion susceptibility test. Bacterial isolates from sheep exhibited, in general, lower resistance (P=0.040) to antibiotics than buffalo. Irrespective of ruminant species, bacterial isolates had a higher tolerance (P<0.001) to cefadroxil (CZ=3.1 mm), whereas ciprofloxacin (CZ=24.4 mm) followed by erythromycin (CZ=20.9 mm) and amikacin (CZ=20.0 mm) were the most toxic antibiotics to all isolates. Inhibitory effects of other antibiotics to ruminal bacterial isolates were intermediate, with two groups of antibiotics according to CZ size, being those with a CZ of 12-19 mm (gentamicin > roxithromycin > cefotaxime = vancomycin > cefoperazone > piperacillin), and those with CZ size of 7-10 mm (streptomycin > chloramphenicol = polymyxin). Sub-therapeutic antibiotic use in ruminant feeding to optimize rumen fermentation may lead to residues in meat and milk, as well as increase their inhibition to ruminal bacterial populations.
Description7 páginas, 2 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.academicjournals.org/AJMR/Archive.htm
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/73981
DOI10.5897/AJMR12.044
ISSN1996-0808
Appears in Collections:(IGM) Artículos
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