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Transcriptome sequencing identifies SPL7-regulated copper acquisition genes FRO4/FRO5 and the copper dependence of iron homeostasis in Arabidopsis

AuthorsBernal Ibáñez, María CSIC; Casero, David; Singha, Vasantika; Wilson, Grandon T.; Grande, Arne; Yang, Huijun; Dodani, Sheel C.; Huijser, Peter; Connolly, Erin L.; Merchant, Sabeeha S.; Krämer, Ute
Issue DateFeb-2012
PublisherAmerican Society of Plant Biologists
CitationBernal M, Casero D, Singha V, Wilson GT, Grande A, Yang H, Dodani SC, Huijsere P, Connolly EL, Merchant SS, Krämer U. Transcriptome sequencing identifies SPL7-regulated copper acquisition genes FRO4/FRO5 and the copper dependence of iron homeostasis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 24 (2): 738-761 (2012)
AbstractThe transition metal copper (Cu) is essential for all living organisms but is toxic when present in excess. To identify Cu deficiency responses comprehensively, we conducted genome-wide sequencing-based transcript profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana wild-type plants and of a mutant defective in the gene encoding SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE7 (SPL7), which acts as a transcriptional regulator of Cu deficiency responses. In response to Cu deficiency, FERRIC REDUCTASE OXIDASE5 (FRO5) and FRO4 transcript levels increased strongly, in an SPL7-dependent manner. Biochemical assays and confocal imaging of a Cu-specific fluorophore showed that high-affinity root Cu uptake requires prior FRO5/FRO4-dependent Cu(II)-specific reduction to Cu(I) and SPL7 function. Plant iron (Fe) deficiency markers were activated in Cu-deficient media, in which reduced growth of the spl7 mutant was partially rescued by Fe supplementation. Cultivation in Cu-deficient media caused a defect in root-to-shoot Fe translocation, which was exacerbated in spl7 and associated with a lack of ferroxidase activity. This is consistent with a possible role for a multicopper oxidase in Arabidopsis Fe homeostasis, as previously described in yeast, humans, and green algae. These insights into root Cu uptake and the interaction between Cu and Fe homeostasis will advance plant nutrition, crop breeding, and biogeochemical research.
Description24 Pags., 9 Figs., 2 Tabls., with Supplemental Data (15 Figs., 3 Tabls., 1 Method, 1 Data Set).
Publisher version (URL)http:/​/​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1105/​tpc.​111.​090431
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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