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β-cyclodextrin-based polycationic amphiphilic >click> clusters: Effect of structural modifications in their DNA complexing and delivery properties

AuthorsMéndez-Ardoy, Alejandro ; Guilloteau, Nicolas; Di Giorgio, Christophe; Vierling, Pierre; Santoyo-González, F.; Ortiz-Mellet, Carmen; García Fernández, José Manuel
Issue Date2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Organic Chemistry 76: 5882- 5894 (2011)
AbstractMonodisperse facial amphiphiles consisting of a β-cyclodextrin (βCD) platform exposing a multivalent display of cationic groups at the primary rim and bearing hydrophobic chains at the secondary oxygens have been prepared by implementing two very robust >click> methodologies, namely cuprous cation-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) and thiourea-forming reaction. Most interestingly, the use of solid-supported Cu(I) catalysts was found to be very well suited for multiple CuAAC while facilitating purification of the C7-symmetric macromolecular triazole adducts. The strategy is compatible with molecular diversity-oriented approaches, which has been exploited to generate a small library of click polycationic amphiphilic CDs (paCDs) for assessing the influence of structural modifications in the ability to complex, compact, and protect pDNA and the efficiency of the resulting paCD:pDNA nanocomplexes (CDplexes) to deliver DNA into cells and promote transfection. The results indicate that fine-tuning the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance is critical to achieve optimal self-assembling properties and stability of the resulting CDplexes in saline- and serum-containing media. Triazole-type paCDs were, in general, less efficient in promoting gene transfection than thiourea-type derivatives. Nevertheless, the current body of results support that the >dual click> approach implying sequential CuAAC and thiourea-forming reactions represents a versatile strategy to optimize the gene delivery capabilities of cyclodextrin-based facial amphiphiles. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jo2007785
issn: 0022-3263
Appears in Collections:(IIQ) Artículos
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