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The induction of IL-10 by zymosan in dendritic cells depends on CREB activation by the coactivators CREB-binding protein and TORC2 and autocrine PGE2

AuthorsAlvarez, Yolanda ; Municio, Cristina ; Alonso, Sara ; Sánchez Crespo, Mariano; Fernández, Nieves
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitationJournal of Immunology 183(2): 1471-1479 (2009)
AbstractStimulation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells with the yeast extract zymosan is characterized by a predominant production of IL-10 and a strong induction of cyclooxygenase-2, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this response are only partially understood. To address this issue, the activation of transcription factors that may bind to the il10 proximal promoter was studied. Binding activity to Sp1, Sp3, NF-Y, and cAMP response element (CRE) sites was detected in the nuclear extracts of dendritic cells; however these binding activities were not influenced by zymosan. No binding activity to Stat1, Stat3, and c/EBP sites was detected. Notably, zymosan activated κB-binding activity, but inhibition of NF-κB was associated with enhanced IL-10 production. In sharp contrast, treatments acting on CREB (CRE binding protein), including 8-Br-cAMP, PGE2, and inhibitors of PKA, COX, and glycogen-synthase kinase-3β showed a direct correlation between CREB activation and IL-10 production. Zymosan induced binding of both P-CREB and CREBbinding protein (CBP) to the il10 promoter as judged from chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, whereas negative results were obtained with Ab reactive to Sp1, Sp3, c-Maf, and NF-Y. Zymosan also induced nuclear translocation of the CREB coactivator transducer of regulated CREB activity 2 (TORC2) and interaction of TORC2 with P-CREB coincidental with the association of CREB to the il10 promoter. Altogether, our data show that zymosan induces il10 transcription by a CRE-dependent mechanism that involves autocrine secretion of PGE2 and a network of interactions of PKA, MAP/ERK, glycogen-synthase kinase-3β, and calcineurin, which regulate CREB transcriptional activity by binding the coactivators CBP and TORC2 and inhibiting CBP interaction with other transcription factors. Copyright © 2009 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0900312
issn: 0022-1767
e-issn: 1550-6606
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