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Improved ASCAT Wind Retrieval Using NWP Ocean Calibration

AuthorsVerspeek, Jeroen; Stoffelen, Ad; Verhoef, Anton; Portabella, Marcos
Radar scattering
Maximum likelihood estimation
Sea measurements
Wind speed
Issue DateJul-2012
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50(7): 2488-2494 (2012)
AbstractThe Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) wind data processor (AWDP) currently uses the so called CMOD5n geophysical model function (GMF), which was originally derived for the European Remote Sensing (ERS) scatterometers. In order to deliver a high-quality ASCAT wind product, the operational AWDP uses backscatter measurement corrections that are estimated visually (VOC) for each wind vector cell. We propose an alternative and previously established method for estimating correction tables based on numerical weather prediction ocean calibration residuals (NOC). It embodies a smooth incidence-angle dependent part that could serve as an appropriate ASCAT GMF correction, and a radar-beam-dependent residual. The incidence-angle-dependent part of these correction tables is due to differences in calibration procedure of the ERS and ASCAT scatterometers. For the high ASCAT incidence angles for which the GMF has not been assessed by ERS data, the modification is quite large, almost 1 dB. The incidence angle-dependent part is derived by fitting the OC residuals of all beams obtained over one year of data. It is subsequently used to adapt the GMF (yielding CMOD5na). The remaining radar-beam-dependent residual (NOCa) shows a wiggle pattern as function of incidence angle that is very persistent over time, apart from a seasonally varying offset. Both the effects of the GMF modification and the beam-dependent residual on the wind retrieval quality are investigated in this paper. Overall, the performance of NOC is better than that obtained with the previously used VOC calibration method, and the wind statistics show a much better symmetry of the left and right swath for NOC. The beam-dependent corrections improve the quality of the retrieved winds. NOC may thus be used for the intercalibration of the ERS and ASCAT scatterometers
Description7 pages, 6 figures, 1 table
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2011.2180730
Appears in Collections:(UTM) Artículos
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