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Title

Mannose-containing molecular patterns are strong inducers of cyclooxygenase-2 expression and prostaglandin E2 production in human macrophages

AuthorsFernández, Nieves ; Alonso, Sara ; Valera, Isela; González, Ana ; Renedo, Marta; Barbolla, Luz; Sánchez Crespo, Mariano
Issue Date2005
PublisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitationJournal of Immunology 174(12): 8154-8162 (2005)
AbstractThe induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and the production of PGE 2 in response to pathogen-associated molecular patterns decorated with mannose moieties were studied in human monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Saccharomyces cerevisiae mannan was a robust agonist, suggesting the involvement of the mannose receptor (MR). MR expression increased along the macrophage differentiation route, as judged from both its surface display assessed by flow cytometry and the ability of MDM to ingest mannosylated BSA. Treatment with mannose-BSA, a weak agonist of the MR containing a lower ratio of attached sugar compared with pure polysaccharides, before the addition of mannan inhibited COX-2 expression, whereas this was not observed when agonists other than mannan and zymosan were used. HeLa cells, which were found to express MR mRNA, showed a significant induction of COX-2 expression upon mannan challenge. Conversely, mannan did not induce COX-2 expression in HEK293 cells, which express the mRNA encoding EndolSO, a parent receptor pertaining to the MR family, but not the MR itself. These data indicate that mannan is a strong inducer of COX-2 expression in human MDM, most likely by acting through the MR route. Because COX-2 products can be both proinflammatory and immunomodulatory, these results disclose a signaling route triggered by mannose-decorated pathogen-associated molecular patterns, which can be involved in both the response to pathogens and the maintenance of homeostasis. Copyright © 2005 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/71780
Identifiersissn: 0022-1767
e-issn: 1550-6606
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