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Title

Coupling of C3bi to IgG inhibits the tyrosine phosphorylation signaling cascade downstream Syk and reduces cytokine induction in monocytes

AuthorsGarcía Trinidad, Antonio ; Puerta, María Luisa de la; Fernández, Nieves ; Bayón, Yolanda ; Sánchez Crespo, Mariano; Alonso, Andrés
Issue Date2006
PublisherSociety for Leukocyte Biology
CitationJournal of Leukocyte Biology 79(5): 1073-1082 (2006)
AbstractThe effect of coupling C3bi to immunoglobulin G (IgG) immune complexes (IC) on their ability to produce protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and the Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) routes was assessed in human monocytes. Cross-linking Fc receptors for IgG activated the protein tyrosine kinase Syk, phospholipases Cγ1 and Cγ2, the MAPK cascade, and the Akt/PKB route. Linkage of C3bi to the γ-chain of IgG produced a decrease of the protein bands displaying tyrosine phosphorylation, whereas the MAPK cascades and the Akt/PKB route remained almost unaffected. Zymosan particles, which because of their β-glucan content mimic the effect of fungi, produced a limited increase of tyrosine-phosphorylated protein bands, whereas treatment of zymosan under conditions adequate for C3bi coating increased its ability to induce protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Noteworthy, this was also observed under conditions where other components of serum might be bound by zymosan particles, for instance, serum IgG, thereby suggesting their potential involvement in Syk activation. The induction of cytokines showed a changing pattern consistent with the changes observed in the signaling pathways. IC induced monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), interleukin (IL)-1β, and eotaxin-2/CCL24, which were not observed with C3bi-coated IC. Zymosan induced the expression of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), TNF-β, IL-10, IL-6, and MCP-2/CCL8, whereas the cytokine signature of C3bi-coated zymosan also included interferon-inducible protein 10/CXC chemokine ligand 10, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, and I-309/CCL1. Taken together, these findings indicate that C3bi targets the phagocytic cargo, and engagement or diversion of the Syk route determines the phagocyte response. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/71564
DOI10.1189/jlb.1205701
Identifiersdoi: 10.1189/jlb.1205701
issn: 0741-5400
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