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Coordinate regulation of TLR-mediated arachidonic acid mobilization in macrophages by group IVA and Group V phospholipase A2s

AuthorsRuipérez, Violeta ; Astudillo, Alma M. ; Balboa, María A. ; Balsinde, Jesús
Issue Date2009
PublisherAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitationJournal of Immunology 182(6): 3877-3883 (2009)
AbstractMacrophages can be activated through TLRs for a variety of innate immune responses. In contrast with the wealth of data existing on TLR-dependent gene expression and resultant cytokine production, very little is known on the mechanisms governing TLR-mediated arachidonic acid (AA) mobilization and subsequent eicosanoid production. We have previously reported the involvement of both cytosolic group IVA phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and secreted group V phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-V) in regulating the AA mobilization response of macrophages exposed to bacterial LPS, a TLR4 agonist. In the present study, we have used multiple TLR agonists to define the role of various PLA2s in macrophage AA release via TLRs. Activation of P388D1 and RAW2647.1 macrophage-like cells via TLR1/2, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR6/2, and TLR7, but not TLR5 or TLR9, resulted in AA mobilization that appears to involve the activation of both cPLA2 and sPLA2 but not of calcium-independent phospholipase A2. Furthermore, inhibition of sPLA2-V by RNA interference or by two cell-permeable compounds, namely scalaradial and manoalide, resulted in a marked reduction of the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and cPLA2 via TLR1/2, TLR2, TLR3, and TLR4, leading to attenuated AA mobilization. Collectively, the results suggest a model whereby sPLA2-V contributes to the macrophage AA mobilization response via various TLRs by amplifying cPLA2 activation through the ERK1/2 phosphorylation cascade. Copyright © 2009 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
DescriptionEl pdf del artículo es la versión pre-print.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.0804003
Identifiersdoi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0804003
issn: 0022-1767
e-issn: 1550-6606
Appears in Collections:(IBGM) Artículos
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