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Title

Modeling of the Terminal Velocities of the Dust Ejected Material by the Impact

AuthorsRengel, Miriam; Küppers, Michael; Keller, H. U.; Gutiérrez, Pedro J.
KeywordsAstrophysics
Comet 9P/Tempel 1
Deep Impact spacecraft
Projectile impact
Ejected particles
Velocity distribution
Rosetta spacecraft
Narrow Angle Camera (NAC)
OSIRIS
Dust cloud
Issue Date3-Jan-2007
CitationarXiv:astro-ph/0701064v1
AbstractWe compute the distribution of velocities of the particles ejected by the impact of the projectile released from NASA Deep Impact spacecraft on the nucleus of comet 9P/Tempel 1 on the successive 20 hours following the collision. This is performed by the development and use of an ill-conditioned inverse problem approach, whose main ingredients are a set of observations taken by the Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of OSIRIS onboard the Rosetta spacecraft, and a set of simple models of the expansion of the dust ejecta plume for different velocities. Terminal velocities are derived using a maximum likelihood estimator.
We compare our results with published estimates of the expansion velocity of the dust cloud. Our approach and models reproduce well the velocity distribution of the ejected particles. We consider these successful comparisons of the velocities as an evidence for the appropriateness of the approach. This analysis provides a more thorough understanding of the properties of the Deep Impact dust cloud.
Description6 pages, 2 Postscript figures.-- To appear in the proceedings of "Deep Impact as a World Observatory Event - Synergies in Space, Time", ed. Hans Ulrich Kaeufl and Chris Sterken, Springer-Verlag.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/7146
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