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Blood and endothelium in immune complex-mediated tissue injury

AuthorsFernández, Nieves ; Sánchez Crespo, Mariano
Issue Date2004
CitationTrends in Pharmacological Sciences 25(10): 512-517 (2004)
AbstractAntigen-antibody complexes can be formed both intravascularly and perivascularly and damage tissues by inducing inflammatory mechanisms. Recent studies have characterized a definite sequence of steps involved in these inflammatory mechanisms, and identified the predominance of particular chemical mediator(s) in each step. The lesions associated with this type of inflammation are characterized by the early development of plasma leakage, followed by the recruitment of polymorphonuclear leukocytes mediated by chemokines generated by FcγR-dependent mechanisms. The development of these lesions is modulated by endothelial cell-derived paracrine mediators, and activation of the coagulation system can ensue. The activation of platelets and coagulation, if not properly counterbalanced by fibrinolysis, might be a major factor for the late development of fibrotic changes and organ remodeling.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.tips.2004.08.005
issn: 0165-6147
e-issn: 1873-3735
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