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Involvement of SNAP-23 and syntaxin 6 in human neutrophil exocytosis

AutorMartín-Martín, B.; Nabokina, S. M.; Blasi, Juan; Lazo, Pedro A. ; Mollinedo, Faustino
Palabras claveSNAP23
Syntaxin
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2000
EditorAmerican Society of Hematology
CitaciónBlood 96: 2574-2583 (2000)
ResumenTo understand the molecular basis of exocytosis in human neutrophils, the role of syntaxin 6 and SNAP-23 in neutrophil degranulation was examined. Human syntaxin 6 was cloned and identified as a 255-amino acid protein with a carboxyterminal transmembrane region and two coiled-coil domains. Syntaxin 6 was localized mainly in the plasma membrane of human resting neutrophils, whereas SNAP-23 was located primarily in the mobilizable tertiary and specific granules. SNAP-23 was translocated to the cell surface, colocalizing with syntaxin 6, on neutrophil activation. In vitro binding studies established that SNAP-23 binds to syntaxin 6. Coimmunoprecipitation assays indicated that SNAP-23 interacts with syntaxin 6 in vivo, and this interaction was dramatically increased on neutrophil activation. Antibodies against SNAP-23 inhibited Ca11 and GTP-g-S–induced exocytosis of CD67-enriched specific granules, but they hardly affected exocytosis of the CD63-enriched azurophilic granules, when introduced into electropermeabilized neutrophils. Anti–syntaxin 6 antibodies prevented exocytosis of both CD67- and CD63-enriched granules in electropermeabilized neutrophils. These data show that syntaxin 6 and SNAP-23 are involved in human neutrophil exocytosis, demonstrating that vesicle SNAP receptor- target SNAP receptor (v-SNARE– t-SNARE) interactions modulate neutrophil secretion. Syntaxin 6 acts as a target for secretion of specific and azurophilic granules, whereas SNAP-23 mediates specific granule secretion.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/6990
ISSN0006-4971
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