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The F1F0-ATPase of Bifidobacterium animalis is involved in bile tolerance

AuthorsSánchez García, Borja ; González de los Reyes-Gavilán, Clara ; Margolles Barros, Abelardo
Issue Date8-Jun-2006
PublisherSociety for Applied Microbiology
Blackwell Publishing
CitationEnvironmental Microbiology 8(10): 1825-1833 (2006)
AbstractAdaptation and tolerance to bile stress are important factors for the survival of bifidobacteria in the intestinal tract. Bifidobacterium animalis is a probiotic microorganism which has been largely applied in fermented dairy foods due to its technological properties and its health-promoting effects for humans. The effect of the presence of bile on the activity and expression of F1F0-ATPase, the pool of ATP and the intracellular pH of B. animalis IPLA 4549 and its mutant with acquired resistance to bile B. animalis 4549dOx was determined. The bile-resistant mutant tolerated the acid pH better than its parent strain. Bile induced the expression of the F1F0-ATPase and increased the membrane-bound H+-ATPase activity, in both parent and mutant strains. In acidic conditions (pH 5.0), the expression and the activity of this enzyme were higher in the mutant than in the parent strain when cells were grown in the absence of bile. Total ATP content was higher for the mutant in the absence of bile, whereas the presence of bile induced a decrease of intracellular ATP levels, which was much more pronounced for the parent strain. At pH 4.0, and independently on the presence or absence of bile, the mutant showed a higher intracellular pH than its parent strain. These findings suggest that the bile-adapted B. animalis strain is able to tolerate bile by increasing the intracellular ATP reserve, and by inducing proton pumping by the F1F0-ATPase, therefore tightly regulating the internal pH, and provide a link between the physiological state of the cell and the response to bile
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01067.x
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