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Título

Antifungal activity of altenusin isolated from the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp. against the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Otros títulosActividad antifúngica de la altenusina aislada del hongo endofítico Alternaria sp. frente al hongo patógeno Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
AutorJohan, Susana; Pérez González, Pilar
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorElsevier España
CitaciónRevista Iberoamericana de Micologia 29(4): 205-209 (2012)
Resumen[Background]: Altenusin is a biphenyl derivative isolated from different species of fungi, which presents several biological activities. [Aims]: We report the antifungal activity of the altenusin isolated from the endophytic fungus Alternaria sp., against clinical isolates of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, and its action on cell walls of P. brasiliensis and the nonpathogenic yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. [Methods]: In vitro antifungal activity of altenusin was evaluated using the broth microdilution method against 11 strains of P. brasiliensis and one strain of S. pombe. The effects of the altenusin on the cell wall were estimated using the sorbitol protection assay. [Results]: The altenusin presented strong activity against P. brasiliensis with MIC values ranging between 1.9 and 31.2. μg/ml, and 62.5. μg/ml for S. pombe. Our results demonstrated that the MIC values for altenusin were increased for P. brasiliensis Pb18 and for S. pombe when the medium was supplemented with sorbitol. Additionally, S. pombe cells treated with altenusin were more rounded in shape than untreated cells. [Conclusions]: Altenusin showed activity against clinical strains of P. brasiliensis at the concentration tested, and this compound probably affects fungal cell walls. These findings suggest that altenusin could act through the inhibition of cell wall synthesis or assembly in P. brasiliensis and S. pombe, and could be considered as a lead compound for the design of new antifungals. © 2011 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/67407
DOI10.1016/j.riam.2012.02.002
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.riam.2012.02.002
issn: 1130-1406
e-issn: 2173-9188
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