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RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity associated with the yeast viral p91/20S RNA ribonucleoprotein complex

AuthorsGarcía-Cuéllar, María P.; Esteban, Rosa ; Fujimura, Tsutomu
Issue Date1997
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
CitationRNA 3: 27-36 (1997)
Abstract20S RNA is a noninfectious viral single-stranded RNA found in most laboratory strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. 20S RNA encodes a protein of 91 kDa (p91) that contains the common motifs found among RNA- dependent RNA polymerases from RNA viruses. p91 and 20S RNA are noncovalently associated in vivo, forming a ribonucleoprotein complex. We detected an RNA polymerase activity in p91/20S RNA complexes isolated by high-speed centrifugation. The activity was not inhibited by actinomycin D nor α- amanitin. The majority of the in vitro products was 20S RNA and the rest was the complementary strands of 20S RNA. Because the extracts were prepared from cells accumulating 20S RNA over its complementary strands, these in vitro products reflect the corresponding activities in vivo. When the p91/20S RNA complexes were subjected to sucrose gradient centrifugation, the polymerase activity cosedimented with the complexes. Furthermore, an RNA polymerase activity was detected in the complex by an antibody-linked polymerase assay using anti-p91 antiserum, suggesting that p91 is present in the active RNA polymerase machinery. These results together indicate that p91 is the RNA- dependent RNA polymerase or a subunit thereof responsible for 20S RNA replication.
Identifiersissn: 1355-8382
e-issn: 1469-9001
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