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Influence of relative humidity on the carbonation of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles and the formation of calcium carbonate polymorphs

AuthorsLópez-Arce, Paula ; Gómez, L. S.; Martínez-Ramírez, S. ; Álvarez de Buergo, Mónica ; Fort González, Rafael
Issue Date10-Jan-2011
CitationPowder Technology 205(1-3): 263-269 (2011)
AbstractA consolidating product based on nanoparticles of slaked lime (Ca(OH)2) dispersed in isopropyl alcohol was exposed under different relative humidities (RH), 33%, 54%, 75% and 90% during 7, 14, 21 and 28days. The characterization of the calcium hydroxide nanoparticles and the formed calcium carbonate polymorphs have been performed by Micro Raman spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). Precipitation and transformation of calcium carbonate polymorphs strongly depend on the relative humidity (RH). Higher RH (75%-90% RH) gives rise to amorphous calcium carbonate and monohydrocalcite, calcite, aragonite and vaterite, faster carbonation and larger particles sizes with higher crystallinity compared to lower RH (33%-54% RH) that gives rise mainly to portlandite and vaterite, slower carbonation and smaller particle sizes with lower crystallinity. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2010.09.026
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.powtec.2010.09.026
issn: 0032-5910
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