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Susceptibility of 44 grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) varieties to downy mildew in the field

AuthorsBoso Alonso, Susana ; Alonso-Villaverde Iglesias, Virginia ; Gago Montaña, Pilar ; Santiago Blanco, José Luis ; Martínez Rodríguez, María del Carmen
KeywordsDisease incidence
Disease severity
Plasmopara viticola
Vitis vinifera
Issue Date2011
CitationAustralian journal of grape and wine research 17: 394-400 (2011)
AbstractBackground and Aims: Downy mildew, which occurs worldwide, is one of the most destructive of all grapevine diseases. Several authors have examined the host-pathogen interaction in different Vitis species, crosses and hybrids, but only a few studies comparing this in true V. vinifera varieties have been undertaken. The aim of the present study was to examine the in-field susceptibility to infection by Plasmopara viticola, the causal agent of downy mildew, of 44 grapevine varieties, all belonging to the collection of the Misión Biológica de Galicia. Methods and Results: Over a period of 2years, the incidence and severity of downy mildew on the leaves and clusters of all 44 varieties was determined using a visual scale. Some of those examined showed high susceptibility (Chenin Blanc, Albariño and Prieto Picudo), others showed low susceptibility (Silveiriña, Caiño Bravo, Follajeiro and Brancellao Blanco), and still others showed intermediate susceptibility. Some varieties showed high disease incidence but low disease severity and vice versa. No significant correlation was detected between disease incidence and severity in either leaves or clusters, nor indeed between leaves and clusters. Neither berry colour, cluster compactness nor any other studied variable bore any clear relationship with susceptibility. Conclusion: The different grapevine varieties examined showed great variation in terms of their susceptibility to downy mildew. The susceptibility of most varieties was the same in both study years. Significance of the Study: The results of this work could help provide new material that might be of use in grapevine genetic improvement programs, and in the study of resistance to downy mildew. The selection of old varieties from the Iberian northwest may contribute towards the growth of organic viticulture in this area and even other winemaking regions around the world. © 2011 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology Inc.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2011.00157.x
issn: 1322-7130
e-issn: 1755-0238
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