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dc.contributor.authorOrtiz, Sergio-
dc.contributor.authorPérez Merino, Pablo-
dc.contributor.authorGambra, Enrique-
dc.contributor.authorCastro, Alberto de-
dc.contributor.authorMarcos, Susana-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1364/BOE.3.002471-
dc.identifierissn: 2156-7085-
dc.identifier.citationBiomedical Optics Express 3: 2471-2488 (2012)-
dc.description.abstractCustom high-resolution high-speed anterior segment spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to characterize three-dimensionally (3-D) the human crystalline lens in vivo. The system was provided with custom algorithms for denoising and segmentation of the images, as well as for fan (scanning) and optical (refraction) distortion correction, to provide fully quantitative images of the anterior and posterior crystalline lens surfaces. The method was tested on an artificial eye with known surfaces geometry and on a human lens in vitro, and demonstrated on three human lenses in vivo. Not correcting for distortion overestimated the anterior lens radius by 25% and the posterior lens radius by more than 65%. In vivo lens surfaces were fitted by biconicoids and Zernike polynomials after distortion correction. The anterior lens radii of curvature ranged from 10.27 to 14.14 mm, and the posterior lens radii of curvature ranged from 6.12 to 7.54 mm. Surface asphericities ranged from -0.04 to -1.96. The lens surfaces were well fitted by quadrics (with variation smaller than 2%, for 5-mm pupils), with low amounts of high order terms. Surface lens astigmatism was significant, with the anterior lens typically showing horizontal astigmatism (Z 22 2 ranging from -11 to -1 μm) and the posterior lens showing vertical astigmatism (Z 22 2 ranging from 6 to 10 μm). © 2012 Optical Society of America.-
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge funding from MICINN FIS2008-02065 and FIS2011-25637, EURHORCs-ESF EURYI-05-102-ES, ERC-2011-AdG-294099 and CEN-2091021 to S. Marcos.-
dc.publisherOptical Society of America-
dc.titleIn vivo human crystalline lens topography-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
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