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Lipids of soil humic acids. I. The hymatomelanic acid fraction

AuthorsGrimalt, Joan O. ; Sáiz-Jiménez, Cesáreo
Issue Date1989
CitationScience of the Total Environment 81-82: 409-420 (1989)
AbstractGas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry have been used for the analysis of the hymatomelanic acids of four soil samples (a Typic Xerorthent, a Typic Rendoll and two Typic Xerochrepts, on shale and on granite) encompassing a wide diversity of properties in terms of pH, organic carbon, nitrogen content and associated vegetation. These humic fractions are largely composed of distributions of C12-C34 fatty acids where microbial and higher plant contributions may be observed. Mixtures of C27-C29 stera-3,5-dien-7-ones are also present, representing microbial oxidation products of Δ2-sterols. Despite the wide diversity of soils considered no major qualitative differences have been observed. In all cases the corresponding hymatomelanic acids are composed of a rather uniform pattern of aerobic microbial components together with higher plant lipids.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/0048-9697(89)90149-6
issn: 0048-9697
e-issn: 1879-1026
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