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Optical evidence for a self-propagating molten buried layer in germanium films upon nanosecond laser irradiation

AuthorsVega, F. ; Chaoui, N.; Solís Céspedes, Javier ; Armengol, J.; Afonso, Carmen N.
Issue Date2005
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationJournal of Applied Physics 97: 103519 (2005)
AbstractThis work describes the phase transitions occurring at the film-substrate interface of amorphous germanium films upon nanosecond laser-pulse-induced melting of the surface. Films with thickness ranging from 50 to 130 nm deposited on glass substrates were studied. Real-time reflectivity measurements with subnanosecond time resolution performed both at the air-film and film-substrate interfaces were used to obtain both surface and in-depth information of the process. In the thicker films (≥80 nm), the enthalpy released upon solidification of a shallow molten surface layer induces a thin buried liquid layer that self-propagates in-depth towards the film-substrate interface. This buried liquid layer propagates with a threshold velocity of 16±1 ms and causes, eventually, melting at the film-substrate interface. In the thinnest film (50 nm) there is no evidence of the formation of the buried layer. The presence of the self-propagating buried layer for films thicker than 80 nm at low and intermediate laser fluences is discussed in terms of the thermal gradient in the primary melt front and the heat released upon solidification. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1063/1.1900932
issn: 0021-8979
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IO) Artículos
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