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Highly luminescent half-lantern cyclometalated platinum(II) complex: Synthesis, structure, luminescence studies, and reactivity

AuthorsSicilia, Violeta CSIC ORCID; Forniés, Juan CSIC; Casas, José M. CSIC ORCID; Martín, Antonio CSIC ORCID; López, José A. CSIC ORCID; Larraz, Carmen CSIC; Borja, Pilar CSIC; Ovejero, Carmen
Issue Date2012
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationInorganic Chemistry 51(6): 3427-3435 (2012)
AbstractThe half-lantern compound [{Pt(bzq)(μ-C 7H 4NS 2-κN,S)} 2]•Me 2CO (1) was obtained by reaction of equimolar amounts of potassium 2-mercaptobenzothiazolate (KC 7H 4NS 2) and [Pt(bzq)(NCMe) 2]ClO 4. The Pt(II)•••Pt(II) separation in the neutral complex [{Pt(bzq)(μ-C 7H 4NS 2-κN,S)} 2] is 2.910 (2) Å, this being among the shortest observed in half-lantern divalent platinum complexes. Within the complex, the benzo[h]quinoline (bzq) groups lie in close proximity with most C•••C distances being between 3.3 and 3.7 Å, which is indicative of significant π-π interactions. The reaction of 1 with halogens X 2 (X 2 = Cl 2, Br 2, or I 2) proceeds with a two-electron oxidation to give the corresponding dihalodiplatinum(III) complexes [{Pt(bzq)(μ-C 7H 4NS 2-κN,S)X} 2] (X = Cl 2, Br 3, I 4). Their X-ray structures confirm the retention of the half-lantern structure and the coordination mode of the bzq and the bridging ligand μ-C 7H 4NS 2-κN,S. The Pt-Pt distances (Pt-Pt = 2.6420(3) Å 2, 2.6435(4) Å 3, 2.6690(3) Å 4) are shorter than that in 1 because of the Pt-Pt bond formation. Time dependent-density functional theory (TD-DFT) studies performed on 1 show a formal bond order of 0 between the metal atoms, with the 6p z contribution diminishing the antibonding character of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and being responsible for an attractive intermetallic interaction. A shortening of the Pt-Pt distance from 2.959 Å in the ground state S 0 to 2.760 Å in the optimized first excited state (T 1) is consistent with an increase in the Pt-Pt bond order to 0.5. In agreement with TD-DFT calculations, the intense, structureless, red emission of 1 in the solid state and in solution can be mainly attributed to triplet metal-metal-to-ligand charge transfer ( 3MMLCT) [dσ(Pt-Pt) → π(bzq)] excited states. The high quantum yields of this emission measured in toluene (44%) and solid state (62%) at room temperature indicate that 1 is a very efficient and stable 3MMLCT emitter, even in solution. The high luminescence quantum yield of its red emission, added to its neutral character and the thermal stability of 1, make it a potential compound to be incorporated as phosphorescent dopant in multilayer organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/ic201910t
issn: 0020-1669
e-issn: 1520-510X
Appears in Collections:(ISQCH) Artículos
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