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Deactivation of sulfonated hydrothermal carbons in the presence of alcohols: Evidences for sulfonic esters formation

AuthorsFraile, José M. ; García-Bordejé, José Enrique ; Roldán, Laura
KeywordsSulfonated hydrothermal carbons
Acid catalysts
Issue Date2012
CitationJournal of Catalysis 289: 73-79 (2012)
AbstractSulfonated hydrothermal carbons present high activity for esterification of palmitic acid with alcohols. However, the catalyst is significantly deactivated upon recovery. Leaching of sulfonated species does not account for this deactivation, which is observed even by pretreatment only with the alcohol under reflux. Solid state NMR shows the presence of chemically bound alkyl groups coming from the alcohol, clearly different from strongly physisorbed species obtained by pretreatment at room temperature. The formation of sulfonate esters accounts for the deactivation behavior in reactions taking place in alcohols as solvents, mainly with methanol due to its higher reactivity. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DescriptionEl pdf del artículo es la versión post-print.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2012.01.017
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jcat.2012.01.017
issn: 0021-9517
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
(ISQCH) Artículos
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