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Title

Modulation of the IgM gene expression and IgM immunoreactive cell distribution by the nutritional background in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) challenged with Enteromyxum leei (Myxozoa)

AuthorsEstensoro, Itziar ; Calduch-Giner, Josep A. ; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Pérez-Sánchez, Jaume ; Sitjà-Bobadilla, Ariadna
Issue Date2012
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationFish and Shellfish Immunology 33(2): 401-410 (2012)
AbstractThe aim of the present work was to determine if a plant protein-based diet containing vegetable oils (VO) as the major lipid source could alter the distribution of IgM immunoreactive cells (IRCs) and the IgM expression pattern in the intestine and haematopoietic tissues of gilthead sea bream (GSB) (. Sparus aurata) challenged with the myxosporean Enteromyxum leei. In a first trial (T1), GSB fed for 9 months either a fish oil (FO) diet or a blend of VO at 66% of replacement (66VO diet) was challenged by exposure to parasite-contaminated water effluent. All fish were periodically and non-lethally sampled to know their infection status. After 102 days of exposure, samples of intestine and head kidney were obtained for IgM expression and immunohistochemical detection (IHC). Additional samples of spleen were taken for IHC. Fish were categorized as control (C, not exposed), and early (E), or late (L) infected. The 66VO diet had no effect on the number of IgM-IRCs in any of the tissues or on IgM expression in C fish, whereas the infection with E. leei had a strong effect on the intestine. A combined time-diet effect was also observed, since the highest expression and IRCs values were registered in the posterior intestine (Pi) of E-66VO fish. A positive correlation was found between IgM expression and the presence of IgM-IRCs in the Pi. The effect of the time of infection was studied more in detail in a second trial (T2) in which samples of Pi were taken at 0, 24, 51, 91 and 133 days after exposure to the parasite. A significant increase of the IgM expression was detected only in parasitized fish, and very late after exposure. These results show that the duration of the exposure to the parasite is the most determinant factor for the observed intestinal IgM increased phenotype which gets magnified by the feeding of a high VO-based diet. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/64393
DOI10.1016/j.fsi.2012.05.029
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.05.029
issn: 1050-4648
Appears in Collections:(IATS) Artículos
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