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Title

The boron-boron single bond in diborane(4) as a non-classical electron donor for hydrogen bonding

AuthorsAlkorta, Ibon ; Soteras, Ignacio ; Elguero, José ; Del Bene, Janet E.
Issue Date2011
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics 13: 14026- 14032 (2011)
AbstractAn ab initio study of an isomer of diborane(4) [B2H4] has been carried out at MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ to investigate the ground-state properties of this unusual molecule, a derivative of which has been described in the recent literature. The geometric, electronic and orbital characteristics of B2H4(4) have been analyzed using AIM, NBO, and ELF methodologies. A region with a high concentration of electron density is located near and along the B-B bond, on the opposite side of this bond relative to the bridging H atoms. This site serves as an electron-donor site to electrophiles, resulting in hydrogen-bonded complexes of B2H4 with proton donors HF, HNC, HCl, HCN, and HCCH, and a van der Waals complex with H 2. These complexes have C2v symmetry and stabilization energies that vary from 2 to 27 kJ mol-1. The SAPT2 energy decomposition analysis shows that the relative importance of the various terms that contribute to the interaction energy depends on the strength of the interaction. © the Owner Societies 2011.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1cp20560a
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/64351
DOI10.1039/c1cp20560a
Identifiersdoi: 10.1039/c1cp20560a
issn: 1463-9076
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