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A comparison of various rheological properties for modelling the kinetics of thermal softening of potato tissue (c.v. Monalisa) by water cooking and pressure steaming

AuthorsÁlvarez, M. Dolores ; Canet, Wenceslao
Issue Date2002
CitationInternational Journal of Food Science and Technology 37: 41- 55 (2002)
AbstractThe kinetics which can be used to describe thermal softening of potato tissue by water cooking and pressure steaming were established and the temperature dependence of rheological and textural properties, using six different instrumental objective methods as firmness indicators, was determined within the temperature range of 100-122 °C. In water cooking at 100 °C and in steaming at 100, 112 and 117 °C, the thermal softening was best expressed by one simple pseudo first-order kinetic mechanism, which was considered to be the response to the changes in the pectic material in the cell wall and interlamellar region. Tension energy was the best rheological property for establishing the kinetics of softening of potato by water cooking, whereas maximum shear force was the best method of representing the tissue softening by steaming, using first-order models. Steaming at 122 °C caused overcooking of the tissue, even for short times. At this high temperature, rheological parameters (compression, tension and creep compliance) and textural properties from Texture Profile Analysis (TPA) fitted second-order models. When second-order models were used, the Arrhenius equation was significant for chewiness, indicating that this textural property can be useful for detecting overcooking caused by prolonged pressure steaming in the experimental temperature range.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1046/j.1365-2621.2002.00521.x
issn: 0950-5423
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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